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Ear problems


Exostosis (surfer’s ear)

Exostosis is where bone grows abnormally in the ear due to repeated exposure to cold water. It affects people who swim or surf a lot in cold water – that’s why it’s sometimes called surfer’s ear.

Symptoms

Usually, two bony swellings (exostoses) slowly appear on the lower wall of the deep part of your ear canal, often with a third, smaller lump in the upper part.

With continued exposure to cold wind and water, exostosis will get worse. If the swellings narrow your ear canal too much, wax and water can get trapped in the ear, which can cause infection and hearing loss.

Avoiding exposure to cold water by not swimming, or by using earplugs while swimming, might prevent the swellings from growing bigger.

Treatment

You can have surgery to remove the abnormal bone growths. Depending on the condition of your ear canal and the type of surgery you have, it might take several weeks for your ear canal to heal.